Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Rivers of India free essay sample
Most of the rivers pour their waters into the Bay of Bengal; however, some of the rivers whose courses take them through the western part of the country and towards the east of the state of Himachal Pradesh empty into the Arabian Sea. Parts of Ladakh, northern parts of the Aravalli range and the arid parts of the Thar Desert have inland drainage. All major rivers of India originate from one of the three main watersheds: The Himalaya and the Karakoram ranges Vindhya and Satpura ranges and Chotanagpur plateau in central India Sahyadri or Western Ghats in western IndiaRiver Systems in India can be broadly classify as below: The Himalayan River System The Deccan or Peninsular River System The Coastal Rivers The rivers of the inland drainage basin The Himalayan River System Ganga River System The Ganga and its tributaries like Yamuna, Son, Gandak, have been left out of the list which actually formulates the biggest cultivable plains of north and eastern India, known as the Gangetic plains. We will write a custom essay sample on Rivers of India or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The main river, the holy Ganga forms by the joining of Alaknanda and Bhagirathi at Devprayag.Ganga starts from Gomukh Gangotri glaciers in the Himalayas and flows from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, and then enters West Bengal and Bangladesh. It ultimately ends in the Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh, where it is known as Padma. This is the longest river of India it covers nearly about 2525km. Indus River System The Indus River originates in the northern slopes of the Kailash range near Lake Mansarovar in Tibet. Although most of the rivers course runs through neighboring Pakistan, a portion of it does run through Indian territory, as do parts of the courses of its five major tributaries, listed below.These tributaries are the source of the name of the Punjab region of South Asia; the name is derived from the Persian words Punj (five) and aab (water), hence the combination of the words (Punjab) means five waters or land of five waters. Beas The Beas originates in Bias Kund, lying near the Rohtang pass. It runs past Manali and Kulu, where its valley is known as the Kulu valley. It joins the Sutlej river near Harika, after being joined by a few tributaries. The total length of the river is 615km. Flowing west, it enters India in the Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir. Chenab The Chenab originates from the confluence of two rivers, the Chandra and the Bhaga, It is also known as the Chandrabhaga in Himachal . It runs parallel to the Pir It enters the plains of Punjab near Akhnur and is later joined by the Jhelum. It is further joined by the river Ravi and the Sutlej in Pakistan. Jhelum The Jhelum originates in the south-eastern part of Jammu and Kashmir, in a spring known as verinag. One of its important tributaries is Krishna-Ganga. Ravi The Ravi originates near the Rothang pass in the Himalayas and follows a north-westerly course.It turns to the south-west, near Dalhousie, and then cuts a gorge in the Dhaola Dhar range entering the Punjab plain near Madhopur. It flows as a part of the Indo-Pakistan border for some distance before entering Pakistan and joining the Chenab river. Sutlej (Satluj) The Sutlej originates from the Rakas Lake (Rakshas Tal), which is connected to the Manasarovar lake by a stream, in Tibet. It enters Pakistan near Sulemanki, and is later joined by the Chenab. It has a total length of almost 1500 km. First village were it enters in India is Namgiya. The Brahmaputra River SystemThe Brahmaputra originates in the Mansarovar lake, also the source of the Indus and the Sutlej. It is slightly longer than the Indus, but most of its course lies outside India. In China, it flows eastward, parallel to the Himalayas by the name of Tsang-Po. Reaching Namcha Barwa (2900km), it takes a U-turn around it and enters India in Arunachal Pradesh and known as Dihang. The Peninsular River System The Narmada River System The Narmada or Nerbudda is a river in central India. Like the Mahi, it runs from east to west. The Narmada originates in Amarkantak .The Tapi/Tapti River System Main article: Tapti River The Taapi is the ancient name of the river now called Tapti of central India. It is one of the major rivers of peninsular India with the length of around 724 km, It rises in the eastern Satpura Range of southern Madhya Pradesh state, before emptying into the Gulf of Cambay of the Arabian Sea, in the State of Gujarat. The Godavari River System The river with second longest course within India, Godavari is often referred to as the Vriddh (Old) Ganga or the Dakshin (South) Ganga. The river is about 1,450 km (900 mi) long.